Umayyad Conquest of Hispania (Moorish Iberia)

472 CE – Germanic Visigoth under Euric defeated last bastion of Roman army and conquered roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis (northern Iberia).
Previously Visigoth sacked Rome in 410 CE and the Romans in Iberia already weakened by successive invasion of Germanic tribes such as Vandals, Suebi and Alani in previous decades.
476 CE – Romulus Augustalus, The last Western Roman Emperor was deposed, ‘Barbarian’ Odoacer became King of Italy.
507 CE – Franks underclovis defeated Visigoth near Vogladensis (Vouillé) and ousted visigoth in Gaul (France).
583 CE – Visigoth king Liuvigild crushed rebellion by Hermenegild who alligned himself with Eastern Romans.
581 CE – Visigoth under Liuvigild defeated the Native Vascones (Basques) and captured Vascones Capital, Pompelo (Pamplona).
585 CE – Visigoth conquered Germanic Suebi Kingdom who controlled Gallicia & Lusitania ( northwest Spain & Portugal)
610 CE – Toletum (Toledo) became capital of the Visigoth Kingdom after they were ousted from Tolosates (Toulouse).
624 CE – Visigoth defeated Eastern Roman Garrison in coastal southern spain, whole Iberian peninsula under Visigoth control.
694 CE – Visigoth king, Egica, passed law to enslave Jews residing in Iberia to be enslaved and their children taken from their parents in the 17th Council of Toledo..
698 CE – Umayyad army defeated Eastern Roman army in north Africa and re-captured Carthage.
Just centuries before, the Eastern Romans just taken north africa from Germanic Vandals during Justinian I era.
710 CE – Roderic usurp Visigoth throne against Achila II, King wittiza’s son and control most of Iberian peninsula.
710 CE – Count Julian, former roman and now visigoth commander in Septem (Ceuta, nortern morocco) dishonored by Visigoth king Roderic.
Musa ibn Nusair and Count Julian made alliance to topple Roderic in Iberia and provided Umayyad with military intelligence and ships.
711 CE – Umayyad army commanded by Berber general Tariq ibn Ziyad landed on Iberian peninsula with small forces of 1700 men & horses.
In previous millennia north african Carthaginian and levantines Phoenician already settled in Iberia before being ousted by the Romans.
Visigoth king who still subduing the rebellious Vascones (Basque) in Pompelo (Pamplona) soon turned south to counter Umayyad incursion.
712 CE – Tariq receive reinforcement and facing Visigoth main army near Guadalete river.
Outnumbered Umayyad forces under Tariq successfuly defeated Visigoth army who has been plagued by distrust following recent civil war.
Visigoth King, Roderic was killed in the battle. Visigoth capital of Toletum (Toledo) fell to the Umayyad Armies.
Mérida was captured by Umayyad from the Visigoth.
SeJewish population in Iberia who has been exiled by the romans in 70th CE and persecuted by Visigoth helps the conquest of Iberia by Umayyad armies.
Umayyad appointed officials in captured cities, but former christian still lives by their own Visigothic Law. so does the Shepardic Jews. Both were subject of taxation (jizya).
the remaining Visigoth forces retreated to mountainous northern spain.
713 CE – Visigoth count Theudimer was defeated by Umayyad forces under ibn Musa, Theudimer then signed allegiance to the Umayyad in exchage of his autonomy over his land around Murcia.
The last visigoth King Ardo, retreated to septimania (southeast france).
714 CE – Governor Musa ibn Nusair led umayyad army overrun western Basque and Cantabrian mountains.
Umayyad only kept small garrison in the Basque region while Vascones (Basque) were kept intact and autonomously ruled themselves.
Most of the town captured by Umayyad was kept intact and inhabitants were respected of their culture & religion.
Hispano-Roman Count Cassius became Umayyad client and established Banu Qasi (Cassius Clan) in northern Iberia.
716 CE – Coduba, former carthaginian city of Kart-Juba became capital of Umayyad Al-Andalus Province and called Qurtuba. Subordinate to the Umayyad Caliphate in Damascus, Levant.
717 CE – Umayyad forces reach the Pyrenees, and conducted raid toward visigoth bastion in Septimania (southeast France).
718 CE – Visigoth count Pelagius revolted in 718 and defeated Umayyad forces in battle of Covadonga (Northern Iberia).


Xem thêm bài viết khác:

Article Categories:

All Comments

  • Hello sir, where did you get the footage of the landing at Gibraltar from?

    Omar July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Humans likes to kill each other no wonder the lifespan before is short but the wars will always be there

    Niel Mesa July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • what in the white washing going on here lol

    patrick gabriel July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • The ummayad never wanted or planed to conquer Iberia. The conquest was a personal initiative of general Tarik ibn Ziyad. TARIK was disgraced, exiled and punished for this, his bravery was totaly ignored by the CALIF. But the ummeyad after Tarik's victories in Spain didn't want to retire, for them this was an opportunity to spread their kingdom.

    Alwan Tamalus July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Hi there are the videos free to use / free of copyright ?

    salim mikram July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Pelayo and the battle of covadonga is only myth, this battle was written in history after 2 centuries after its supposed happening, the first king to start reconquista was Alfonso 1

    avitor avitar July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Wjat is the meaning of "570 CE"?

    Khan pk July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Until Asturias came in and kicked them out.

    The Icon of Sin July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • roderico ,roderic era don rodrigo.

    aldo perosa July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • prsecursores del nazismo estos visis

    aldo perosa July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • comienza a qui lainvasion visigoda d eberia

    aldo perosa July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Well, at the end you lost and you were expelled.
    And the remaining was burnt by the inquisition.

    Johnny Bravo July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Muslims ruled Spain for 800 years. The Christians were happy and invited the Muslims in because they were badly treated. Mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy , agriculture it's all because of Islam Spain flourished. Europe was in the dark ages it was Islamic science and medicine that saved them. In history the lying history will hide all this.

    mozomil ali July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • the muslims ruled from borders of china and entire middle east and half africa and spain to borders of south france how about that

    اكرم محان كيف July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Largaos de España dejarnos en paz 8 siglos de barbarie ya está bien llevaros vuestra ley a África

    Gallego Leal July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Pls . mention the movies used in your videos. Thanks

    Nem Khan July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • 💪🏼 ❤️

    Tariq Ibn Zayed طارق ابن زىاد July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • At that time MUSLIMS were not just by name MUSLIMS 💚
    & Materliastic also
    …. They were practicing & not Coward
    Just like today
    Majorties MUSLIMS 💚
    & Our rulers r sleeping beauties
    …. Except Erdogòn 😎🔥
    That's why … When they were just one no Suni Shia & Proudness on their cast & Tribal pride
    …. They defeated others
    Rommiis Crusader Zionists
    Just see us MUSLIMS 💚 today
    …. Syria Barma Kashmir Phalestin Iraq Libya Egypt Ughur 😑😑😥😥
    Weaakk every where
    …. Even locals in us
    Muslims in all r sleeping beauties at that time public wasn't
    …. So that's why
    After Fall of BAGHDAD
    MUSLIMS 💚 arose again
    At that time just ALLAH 💞 got LEADER SHIP from Aarbbs KHALLAFAT 🔥❤
    & gave to Turk generation KHALLAFAT 🔥❤
    بھول بیٹھا آج کا مسلمان عملاً جہاد
    کہ ہمیں اس قوم نے پالا ہے آغوش محبت میں
    کچل ڈالا تھا جس نے پاؤں سے تاج سر دارا
    ۔۔۔۔۔ دشت تو دشت تھے دریا بھی نہ چھوڑے تھے ہم نے
    بحر ظلمات میں دوہرائے تھے گھوڑے ہم نے
    ۔۔۔۔ تھے ابا یہ تمہارے ہی مگر تو تم کیا ہو ؟؟
    ہاتھ پہ ہاتھ دھرے منتظر فردا ہو
    🔥🔥🔥🔥گدائی میں بھی وہ اللہ والے تھے غیور اتنے
    کہ مُنعم کو گدا کے ڈر سے بخشش کا نہ تھا یارا
    ۔۔۔۔۔ غرض مَیں کیا کہُوں تجھ سے کہ وہ صحرا نشیں کیا تھے
    جہاں‌گیر و جہاں‌دار و جہاں‌بان و جہاں‌آرا
    ۔۔۔۔ اگر چاہوں تو نقشہ کھینچ کر الفاظ میں رکھ دوں
    مگر تیرے تخیّل سے فزوں تر ہے وہ نظّارا
    ۔۔۔۔ تجھے آبا سے اپنے کوئی نسبت ہو نہیں سکتی
    کہ تُو گُفتار وہ کردار، تُو ثابت وہ سیّارا
    ۔۔۔۔ گنوا دی ہم نے جو اسلاف سے میراث پائی تھی
    ثُریّا سے زمیں پر آسماں نے ہم کو دے مارا
    ۔۔۔۔۔حکومت کا تو کیا رونا کہ وہ اک عارضی شے تھی
    نہیں دنیا کے آئینِ مسلَّم سے کوئی چارا
    ۔۔۔سبق پڑھ صداقت کا عدالت کا امانت کا شجاعت کا۔
    کیا جائےکا تجھ سے کام دنیا کی امامت کا
    ۔۔ ۔ کی محمدﷺ ❤ سے وفا تو ہم تیرے ہیں
    یہ جہاں چیز ہے کیا لوح و قلم تیرے ہیں

    sadia malik July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Lol these where the days when white Europe where getting battered by Muslim armies, they dont teach you about it in History class.

    Baz H July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • The Moors made Spanish and Italians look more beautiful, esp the women

    Daisy Wong July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Moorish (morrocan Berberian) and proud

    Achraf Benkhouy July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Roderick (Hropareiks) was betrayed by Wittika sons, who leave the battlefield..because that he was defeated, long live to the Goths…,my surname is of gothic origin, so maybe I'm a little bit visigoth lol

    MegaBronsky1 July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Granada – Kordova ~ Islam Haliphates!

    Нурмухамметали Карабаев July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Heartiest love and respect for the Great commander Tariq Bin Zayad Blessings of Almighty Allah upon Him.❤️❤️❤️

    Saeed Rasheed July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Umayyads starts thier conquests to Africa from Arabian peninsula from Damascus the Umayyad caliphate capital …. the Umayyad army start to conquest Egypt moving to Libya and the rest of Berber North African lands til they reached morroco which was a Berber land before the Umayyad arab conquest 😏

    عربية اموية اندلسية arabes umayyad andalusie July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Spanish hate this 😂

    Rosida Andriyana July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Rodrigue 😍😍😍😍😘😘😘😘

    Live with a purpose July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Dont forget to make video about Malta..

    Farisa Salsabila July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • The word moorish means the land of God in Amazigh, the language of the indigenous people of Morocco.

    BOTJLABIT July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • The great arab umayyad empire

    عربية اموية اندلسية arabes umayyad andalusie July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • 4:32 Rome II Total War?

    The Duke Of Death PT July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • maybe it was the muslim influence that led to the spanish religious bigotry? They are one of the most genocidal empires in the world yet no one calls them out, the death and destruction they caused in north and south america is unparalleled in world history

    Mbundinga Ntembe July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Whereever Islam went it brought reforms and society united.

    Hassaan Shahid July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Sadly most people don't know the fact that Umayyads were from present day Saudi Arabia all of their achievements belong to Saudi people only

    فَارِس قَيْسِ عَيْلَانَ خُذَيْنَةَ الْحَرَشِيَّ July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Spanish Morocco and then the west curve out Africa. so we win again.

    Louis de la Roca July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Tarik Ibn Ziyad was the Berber slave of Musa Ibn Noçair, Arab governor of Ifriqya, who freed him and appointed him general of his armies. Later he will be appointed governor of Tangier
    The origin of Tarik Ibn Ziyad, is attested at the bottom of page 1 of Ibn Khaldoun's work on the origins of the Berbers (The Book of Examples) by the annotation "of the tribe of Oulhaça". The Ulhasa or Ulhaça form a tribal branch that would come from the great nomadic Berber tribe of Nefzaouas and are also Zenetes. The group comes from the current east of Algeria is located at the boundary of the wilayas of Constantine and Bejaia and the borders of Aurès.

    Ubon July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • 5:35 move name??????

    Local Gaming 56 July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • 13:51 Tareq Ibn Ziyad, where I can watch this movie or his life story?

    Arafat LB July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Can someone tell from which movies these clips are taken?

    anjum mustafa July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • They were not "Jews" they were IBERS, which means "HEBREWS." There's a HUGE difference. Some of them fled to HIBERNIA, modern day Ireland.
    Hiber, Heber, Iverni, Ibri, Iber, Ivri Hebri.
    All means "HEBREW"
    "Not Jew"

    THE TRUTH WILL MAKE YOU FREE July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • Umayyad dynasty and Moorish empire were great strong brave and power full kind rulers ( glory to Islam)

    affan Siddiqui July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • With No mercy

    Layla mohammad althawadi July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply
  • The Spaniard are in human people they killed 50million native american with mercy

    They most to be innihaliti like they did to natives

    Layla mohammad althawadi July 13, 2020 11:24 am Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *